How to Introduce Puppy to Your Home

It is almost time for your puppy to make the big transition from her mother, littermates, and comfortable surroundings to a big, new world. Please give some consideration to making this transition as low stress as possible while also putting in place training and rules so your puppy becomes a well-behaved companion for years to come. It is important to recognize that first impressions are lasting ones and habits begin to develop from day one. If you follow these simple guidelines, your dog’s transition into your home will be more successful for you and your new best friend.


Teach your new dog the rules of your house from the beginning. In the words of dog behaviourist, Dr. Ian Dunbar, “If you want your dog to follow the rules of the house, by all means do not keep them a secret.” When your dog first gets home, he or she may be a little confused and unsure of the new living situation. Even though your home is undoubtedly comfortable, it is different than where your dog came from, and different can be stressful. It is important to remember dogs do not speak or comprehend language and will best understand your expectations through training and management. Training and management should begin the very moment your new dog arrives in your home. Your instinct may be to give your new friend a few days to unwind and adjust before imposing rules and restrictions. While you may mean well, this delaying of training has the potential to be both frustrating and damaging. Right from the very first day, it is crucial to convey your expectations to the dog and to establish an errorless training system. If you do this, your dog will succeed in learning house rules right from the beginning. If you change the house rules a few days after your dog has arrived, he will not understand why things have changed. Your dog may have already formed new habits and will have a difficult time adjusting to yet another set of expectations. It is much more efficient to teach your dog everything you would like him of her to know from the outset.


Try not to overwhelm your new dog with too much activity during this initial adjustment period (individual dog’s adjustment period will vary). It is very exciting to have a new dog. Of course, you want to introduce her to all of your friends and family and, of course, you want to take your new pal everywhere! All this excitement can be exceptionally stressful for your dog. Please keep in mind that even in the best of situations, your dog’s world was probably limited to a handful of environments and activities. It is best for your dog to spend the first couple of weeks quietly settling in and getting to know you with brief but frequent outings to continue the socialization process. In the beginning, limit introductions to just a few visitors at a time. If your dog has time to become familiar with you and your home surroundings, she will be more confident when setting out on adventures beyond your immediate neighborhood. This does not mean to delay socializing your pup, please do! However, try not to overwhelm your new puppy.


Keep your new dog either safely confined with appropriate chew toys, or supervised at all times. This is the best way to keep your new friend (and house!) out of trouble when you are unable to monitor his actions. Your dog requires a dog-proof, safe place: a “doggie den” -the equivalent of a toddler’s playpen- where he can rest and chew appropriate items in your absence. There are many options for your “doggie den,” but a crate or pen is ideal. Initially, when your dog is loose in the house or even in the yard you must be around to gently redirect your dog when he chooses an inappropriate activity. If you are vigilant about supervising your dog and showing him what you expect, your dog will learn to settle down quietly, to chew only appropriate chew toys and eventually to become trustworthy in your absence.

Following these guidelines for at least the first two weeks with your new dog. Please remember, most puppies and even some adult dogs will take longer to adjust, so be patient.

Dos and Don’ts

Do immediately show your dog to his/her appropriate toilet area.

Do take your dog to the designated toilet area once an hour, every hour, on leash (except overnight). Allow supervised free time only after he relieves himself in the appropriate area. If your dog does not go to the bathroom on one of these trips, confine him to his “doggie den” OR keep him on leash and supervised, until the next scheduled potty break.

Do confine your dog to a “doggie den” whenever you are physically (or mentally!) absent. Such as when you are at work, paying bills, making dinner, sleeping,

Do provide plenty of appropriate chew toys to keep your dog busy and prevent chewing “casualties” in your home and yard. Redirect any chewing “mistakes” by directing your dog to an acceptable alternative. This will also help establish an appropriate chewing habit for the lifetime of your dog.

Do introduce your dog to new people and other pets gradually so as not to overwhelm him. Use kibble and treats to help form a positive association to new people. Be sure he has access to his “den” in case he needs a break from all the activity.

Do enroll in a basic obedience class after his second set of vaccinations or when your vet gives the OK. This will help you to understand how to better communicate with your dog in a way she will understand.

Don’t allow your dog free run of the entire house right away, or else your new friend may learn all sorts of bad habits. First take the time to teach him good habits.

Don’t take your dog off-leash in public until you have successfully completed an obedience class and have built a strong positive relationship with him.

Karen Moore